Acquiring Tax Residency in Portugal: A Comprehensive Guide
August 6, 2023
Written by: Henrique Rebello
Portugal is fast becoming a hub for expatriates and freelancers seeking a new place to call home. Along with its beautiful landscapes and rich cultural heritage, Portugal offers several tax incentives that can be very attractive for professionals and retirees alike. However, understanding the nuances of tax residency and ensuring compliance with local tax legislation can be complex. Here, we provide a detailed guide to help navigate the maze of acquiring tax residency in Portugal.
Differentiating Tax Residency and Immigration Residency
Before diving into the procedures, it’s crucial to understand the difference between tax residency and residency for immigration or visa purposes.
Immigration Residency: This involves the legal means of obtaining a visa in Portugal through various channels such as a European citizen registration certificate, golden visa, nomad visa, etc. These instruments grant the right to live in Portugal.
Tax Residency: This concerns the tax status of an individual living in Portugal. Registering as a tax resident means that you will be taxed according to Portuguese tax laws on your worldwide income.
Acquiring Tax Residency: A Step-By-Step Guide
Step 1: Obtain Legal Residency
Obtaining a visa is the first step towards becoming a tax resident in Portugal. Whether through a golden visa, nomad visa, or other methods, securing legal residency allows you to live in Portugal.
Step 2: Register as a Tax Resident
Next, register as a tax resident with the Portuguese Tax Authority, either online or in person. By indicating a Portuguese address of residence in your NIF (Tax Identification Number), you will be considered a tax resident.
However, there may be instances where you can have an NIF with an address abroad (examples: to open a bank account or to iniciate a visa process). In such cases, you will not be considered a tax resident unless you meet one of the two requirements:
(i) Spending more than 183 days within a 12-month period in Portugal, or (ii) Living in Portugal under conditions that suggest a current intention to maintain and occupy it as your usual/main residence (e.g., renting property long-term, enrolling children in Portuguese schools, etc.).
Step 3: Filing Annual Tax Return
Once a tax resident, you must file your annual tax return using Model 3 of the Declaration of Tax on the Income of Individuals. This process includes declaring the overall income earned both in Portugal and abroad.
Step 4: Complying with Freelancer or Self-Employed Regulations
If you provide freelancer or self-employed services from Portugal, you must also submit a declaration of the commencement of such activity to the Tax Authority and issue the so-called “green receipt” for your work.
Failure to comply with these requirements can result in significant penalties of up to €7,500.
Special Considerations and Benefits
Portugal offers several tax benefits during your first year as a tax resident, especially using the NHR (Non-Habitual Resident) regime. We strongly recommend consulting with a tax expert to optimize your tax planning and understand all the potential benefits.
Conclusion: Seek Expert Assistance
Acquiring tax residency in Portugal can be a rewarding decision with numerous benefits. However, navigating the complexities of tax law requires a detailed understanding. Ignorance of the law or language barriers will not exempt you from compliance.
For personalized guidance, schedule a video call with our team to understand your tax scenario and have customized tax planning created for you. If you need help with immigration, visa, or NIF and bank account application, contact us.
By following the above guidelines and seeking professional assistance when necessary, you can enjoy the wonderful lifestyle that Portugal offers, secure in the knowledge that you are in full compliance with the country’s tax laws.
Administrative Tax Solutions
Effortlessly navigate Administrative Tax Procedures with our expertise. From obtaining your NIF to opening a Portuguese Bank Account, we handle the details, so you can focus on what truly matters. Some of the thing we can help you with:
Obtaining your Portuguese NIF (Tax Indentification Number)
Open a Portuguese Bank Account
Apply you for NHR Tax Regime (Non-Habitual Resident)